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The Chlamydiae learned to parasitize eukaryotic cells half a billion years ago by reprogramming cellular functions from within. In humans today, chlamydial infections are responsible for a range of a ...


Researchers at Howard Hughes Medical Institute ( HHMI ) have identified a gene that enables mycobacteria -- the cause of tuberculosis and leprosy -- to form biofilms. Bacterial biofilms help mycobac ...


Researchers have found evidence of resistance to Artemisinin malaria drugs in French Guiana and Senegal, reporting their findings in The Lancet. This decreased sensitivity may pave the way to treatme ...


Farmers, veterinarians and meat processors who routinely come into contact with pigs in their jobs have a markedly increased risk of infection with flu viruses that infect pigs. While the findings ...


Researchers have identified an enzyme crucial to the malaria parasite's invasion of erythrocytes. " The most exciting practical implication of this work is that it identifies a potential drug targe ...


A meta-analysis has found that total lymphocyte count could be a relatively simple, inexpensive way to indicate when antiretroviral therapy ( ART ) should be started for HIV-infected children in deve ...


Bacteria feel pressures to evolve antibiotic resistance and other new abilities in response to a changing environment, and they react by 'stealing' genetic information from other better-adapted types ...


Every year at least 30 million women in malaria-endemic areas of Africa become pregnant. Many of them develop placental malaria, a pregnancy-specific form of the disease, which frequently results in l ...


The Ministry of Health in Indonesia confirmed another fatal human case of H5N1 avian influenza. The patient, a 27-year-old woman from Jakarta, developed symptoms on September 17, was hospitalized on S ...


Researchers at the University of Chicago described three cases of rapidly progressive and ultimately fatal Staphylococcus aureus infections in small children. Although all three children were previo ...


A research, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, reported for the first time that a less-virulent strain of avian influenza virus can spread from poultry to humans. Crossing the species ...


Children with neurological and neuromuscular diseases should receive an annual influenza vaccination because of a higher risk of respiratory failure if they are hospitalized with influenza. Populat ...


A study has found wild-type measles virus in tissues from patients who died of a fatal brain infection, providing evidence against the notion that the strain of virus in the measles vaccine caused the ...


The retrospective analysis, published in the Clinical Infectious Diseases, showed that patients who initially received antifungal agent Vfend ( Voriconazole ) were more likely to survive than patients ...


Patients who received a higher concentration of supplemental oxygen during colorectal surgery had a significantly reduced risk of wound infection. Surgical wound infections prolong hospitalization ...